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Teaching therapists how to treat pigmentation

Therapists learn that hyperpigmentation is caused by both external and internal factors, such as sun exposure or hormonal imbalances. Therapists work with healthy skin, skin with minor conditions, or with more serious pathologies.

It is essential not to promise 100% efficacy when treating hyperpigmentation. In general, regular treatments are necessary to achieve results. During the daytime, it is recommended to apply sunscreen or avoid sun exposure as much as possible. It is also important to increase the skin’s permeability by using chemical peels like alpha-hydroxy acids in concentrations customized according to the skin type and phototype. The active ingredients most commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation are AHA’s, 2% kojic acid, vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and vegetable depigmentants. Therapists must provide the correct initial diagnosis to ensure the best results. The following protocol is recommended:

1. Posture: Ensure that the guest is positioned correctly and is comfortable, allowing the therapist to maintain good posture.
2. Consultation: Essential for a correct diagnosis and, therefore, the most appropriate treatment plan.
3. Cleansing: Remove makeup and cleanse the face, neck, and décolleté.
4. Tone: Remove any residue, neutralize the skin’s pH, and prepare the skin.
5. Skin analysis: Use a magnifying lamp to effectively determine areas of hyperpigmentation.
6. Treat: Apply the recommended treatment.
7. Cleanse: Remove the product and cleanse.
8. Clarify: Apply a lightening mask, following the brand instructions.
9. Moisturize and protect: Apply toner, moisturizer, and broad-spectrum SPF sunscreen to the décolleté, neck, and face.


By Águeda Ávalos
Agueda Academia de Spa

Author: Fabiola

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