Preventing melasma and sun spots
The production of melanin is a mechanism by which the skin protects itself from the action of solar radiation and other agents such as smog and dust, etc. Ideally it should occur in a uniform way, but due to genetic, external and lifestyle factors, this production can manifest itself in a non-homogeneous way, resulting in what we know as hyperpigmentation.
The three fundamental steps that make up this process are inflammation, the initial mechanism that causes the alteration; then the production of melanin in the skin. Finally the accumulation of melanin provide additional skin defense in certain areas of the body.
Therefore, to prevent this condition, the best routine includes:
1. Exfoliation to prepare and detoxify the skin
2. Correction, a high concentration of antioxidant action in specific areas
3. Protection, by using a high SPF, this can prevent the appearance of pigmentation spots due to sun exposure.
By [comfort zone]
Lightening and combating hyperpigmentation
As professionals, we must guide users on the most effective and safe option to treat their skin. Remember that pigmentation removing products are a treatment to fade spots and even the complexion of the skin, whilst lightening products restore luminosity and give radiance to the face.
For ethics and health, avoid using the term ‘whitening’, as there could be prohibited substances that have been classified as toxic or potentially carcinogenic. Two natural active ingredients stand out among the rest to treat hyperpigmentation:
1) Humulus Lupulus (Hops) extract is obtained from hop cones, and its lightening properties demonstrate superior benefits over other actives such as hydroquinone. It helps to reduce pigmentation disorders by blocking genes involved in melanin synthesis, helping to reduce freckles, age spots and melasma or pancreas.
2) Undecylenoyl Phenylalanine is a compound derived from phenylalanine – an essential amino acid. Suitable for all skin types, it acts on age spots and sun spots helping to prevent hyperpigmentation, common in Latin skin.
By Therapy & Essence Laboratorios
At home treatments for hyperpigmentation
Dealing with hyperpigmentation can be a challenge. Professional treatments like CO2 laser resurfacing, IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) and chemical peels are often necessary to address pigmentation concerns. However, alongside professional treatments, there should also be a strong focus on homecare as hyperpigmentation will return if the skin encounters UV, which it invariably will despite your best efforts.
Homecare regimens incorporating exfoliation and treatment products typically produce the best results. Over the counter chemical exfoliation using retinols or retinol alternatives like bakuchiol and alpha hydroxy acids will help to accelerate results. Exfoliation should be carried out once or twice a week, and using specialty treatment products specifically formulated for hyperpigmentation is recommended.
When selecting products, you may see ingredients such as medical grade hydroquinone which is widely recommended along with kojic and tranexamic acid but can irritate skin. Some natural-origin alternatives also deliver good results and adding a daily serum or moisturizer with targeted natural skin lightening ingredients is a worthwhile investment. Ingredients to look for are vitamin C, arbutin, azelaic acid, niacinamide, uva-ursi leaf extract, daisy flower extract, licorice root extract, ellagic and dioic acid. Additionally, adding an SPF to your daily homecare regimen is absolutely essential to protect and maintain your skin following professional treatments for hyperpigmentation.
By Yum Gourmet Skincare